Lammas (Lughnassad)
Lapis Lazuli

Courage, joy, love, fidelity, psychic abilities, protection, healing, beauty, prosperity

Law of Three
Libra
Litha (Summer Solstice)
Leo
Lesser Sabbats
 
Lunar Phases
 

Lunar Calendar

With the infliction of the church, two calendars were in use; the church's official solar, "Julian" calendar, and the peasants un-official "Lunar" one.

The Lunar calendar's thirteen 28-day months, had four 7-day weeks apiece, marking new, waxing, full and waning moon-sabbaths 13 x 28 = 364 nights, with one extra day to make total 365. The weeks were still lunar, but they no longer neatly fit into the Solar month system. It is notable here to state that is why  the old nursery rhymes, fairy tales ballads etc typically referred to a "year and a day" as of course these have Pagan heritage.

It has always been known that calendar consciousness was developed first in women, because of their natural menstrual body calendar correlated with the moon's cycles. It is actually through this that woman taught man the concept of "time". (which was the beginning of the end...but that's another story).

Among the women of the planet, regardless of which continent; they knew that the first calendar was based on their menstrual cycle, including the Maya calendar. even the Romans called the calculation of time "mensuration" - knowledge of the menses. By the way, Gaelic for menstruation and calendar are the same - "Miosach and Miosachan".

For fear of disrupting the Goddess' transitions through the moon's phases, activities of some kinds were forbidden on the seventh day of each lunar phase; thus sabbaths became unlucky or taboo. Because it was a time honoured custom, even the christian's god had to "rest" on the seventh day.

The Hebrews took their calendar from Chaldea, the legendary home of Abraham, whose older name was Ab-sin - "Moon-Father". Chaldeans were credited with the invention of Astrology, as they were moon -worshippers.

Even saints' days of the church were established by menology - literally "Knowledge of the moon". Because of this, such Pagan celebrations as Ostara (now the most important christian celebration, Easter) relied totally on the cycle of the first full moon after the Spring Equinox, which was the moment the Goddess slew and reconceived the savior, or vegetation God for a new season.

More confusion regarding the Lunar calendar Vs. the Solar one. Menstrual calendars reckoned the day from noon to noon, with the midnight hour in the central position. The solar one however, reckoned the the day from midnight to midnight. So you can see, the pre-christian world gave night precedence over day. So you can appreciate the confusion and arguments when the likes of Adonis was born after 10 months of gestation, which he was...10 lunar months, the normal 280 days.

Whether it was the Germanic tribes, Celts, Gauls, Druids etc, they all calculated months, years and birthdays in such a  way as to make the night precede the day, knowing this, and knowing that chrisitan holy days were copied from Pagan ones, you can see that 12 hours were displaced by the reckoning of the solar calculation. Therefore the older Heathen version of each festival was celebrated on the "Eve" of its christian counterpart.

From this arose the so called devilish rites of May Eve, Midsummer Eve, Lammas Eve,  All Hallows Eve and Christams Eve...which incidentally  was taken from the Pagan Yule, and to a late date was still called the "Night of the Mother".

Witch persecutors  pretended the Witches copied their sabbats from christian feast days, when in fact it was the other way around; the church took over the Pagan feasts of Halloween, May Day, Lammas, Imbolg, Mid-summer, Easter Yule and so on.

Tying in Witches and the Lunar calendar even further; the thirteen months of the menstrual calendar also led to the Pagan reverence for the number 13..and the christians detestation of it. Witches covens are supposed to be in groups of 13 in honour of the lunar system.

Some say thirteen was a bad number because Jesus was the thirteenth in the group of apostles, thus  the thirteenth member of any group must be put to death (poor guy)!

In closing, the general symbols of ancient matriarchy were known as night, the moon, and the number 13, while the church instead , favoured the patriarchal new system which endorsed the day, sun, and the number 12.